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Hydroponics is a way of growing plants without traditional substrate. Hydroponic cultivation is used in both large-scale and amateur production on a small scale. In both cases, the plant requires access to light, good ventilation, and appropriately selected nutrient mixtures. When using hydroponics with substrates such as expanded clay and mineral wool, care must be taken to ensure that the roots are not drowned in the mixture, because the lack of oxygen will cause them to die.

Types of hydroponic crops

Everyone associates hydroponics with plants submerged in water, most often herbs. Meanwhile, there are some of the best known soilless farming systems.

Droplet hydroponic system

This cultivation consists in individual feeding of the plant with a system of feeding hoses. Each plant grows on mineral wool cubes, which are placed on mats that collect excess nutrient solution and direct it to the main tank, from where it is fed back to the plants. It is a closed circuit.

Flow-drain hydroponic systems

In these systems, the water with the conditioner is fed directly to the roots. The crops are grown in gutters that can be filled with expanded clay or other inert ground. This hydroponic system provides the roots with the necessary oxygen due to the free fall and rising of the water level.

Hydroponics increases the yield of plants

Less known but still in use are thin-layer flow culture systems and aero-hydroponics. All hydroponic systems significantly increase the yield of plants, improve their nutritional properties and aroma. This method of cultivation shortens the growing and production cycle, and also allows for the optimal use of the plant's potential. Controlling the growth environment of plants increases their health.

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